eClass Handout: Cold Process Soap Making 101
~written by Lori Nova Endres~
Cold Process Soap Making 101
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Page by Page Summary of What's In This Handout:
- Cover Page: Pictures of CP soap, Suggested Reading & References (books & websites) relevant to CP soapmaking.
- Page 1: Soap History & website references for more history information.
- Page 2: Soap Chemistry in a thorough yet simple to understand way (why does soap work?), the importance of Saponification (SAP) Values & why you can't replace or substitute one fat/oil with another without recalculating the SAP value & lye amount.
- Page 3: A sample Saponification Value Table.
- Page 4: What "Superfatting" is and why we do it, the percentage of superfat (aka Lye Discount) that I normally use, the #1 natural soap anti-oxidant to use to help extend the shelf life of your handmade natural soap.
- Page 5: What "Trace" is, and why is it so important, some factors that affect trace time, and some tips for using a stick blender (and my favorite brand of stick blender).
- Page 6: Materials, Equipment & Supplies: A "before you begin, make sure that you have" list, a materials & equipment checklist & an ingredients checklist.
- Page 7: Working with Sodium Hydroxide (aka Lye), information & cautions as well as where I recommend purchasing it.
- Page 8: A very helpful "CP Soap Worksheet" that I created for you to photocopy & use for any Cold Process Soap recipe you make (i.e., the oil fields are blank).
- Page 9: A Majestic Mountain Sage Lye Calculator Printout with my recipe on it, along with some handwritten notes that explain things more clearly.
- Page 10: The same "CP Soap Worksheet" from Page 8, but with the details of my recipe filled in the blanks (also something you may photocopy). When you make soap, you fill out this sheet for each & every batch, and then put it in a "soap recipes" notebook.
- Page 11: My step-by-step instructions for making Cold Process Soap (numbers 1-13).
- Page 12: Cutting & Curing Your Soap section with what to do after it comes out of the mold. Then, a section on Wrapping, Decorating & Packaging Soap with small pictures for each entry.
- Page 13: Soapmaking Oils & Fats (the main oils, like Coconut, Palm, Olive, Castor, Cocoa Butter & Shea Butter) listed & described.
- Page 14: Using Natural Additives for Color & Texture Section. What I recommend to color your soap with, and some suggestions if you want to go the natural route with herbs & spices.
- Page 15: Scenting Cold Process Soap - What essential oils are, how much to use (a wonderful guide), directions for using the basic guidelines I've given you, 8 Tested Scent Combinations for 4 pound batches, and a paragraph on Fragrance Oils.
- Page 16: Molds & Scales, Lining Molds, Weighing Ingredients & my recommended scale.
- Page 17: Troubleshooting problems with Cold Process Soap.
- Page 18: My Recommended On-Line Suppliers (10) relevant to the products made in this class. Supplier name, state, phone number, website (with direct hyperlink in the .pdf document) and in most cases a special Nova Studio discount code is given.
ABOUT THE TEACHER:
Lori Nova Endres, owner of The
Nova Studio, began making natural bath & body
products in her kitchen in 2000 as a way to make family &
friends homemade, practical gifts. Shortly thereafter, she began
sharing her passion by teaching classes. Lori opened The Nova Studio in Point Richmond, CA, in 2003. Lori has taught classes
for The University of Hawaii Manoa, The Handcrafted Soap Makers Guild, Foothill De Anza Community
College in Cupertino, The Learning Annex of San Francisco, Juniper
Tree Soap & Candle Supply in Berkeley, The Native American Cultural Center
& The Berkeley Ecology Center.